FROM MEMORY TO JUSTICE-Taiwan White Terror Museum 

Time    November 2016 - December 2016

Creative Field    Museum design, Experience design, UX design

Project Overview

From 1945 to 1987, Taiwan was under martial law. During that time, around 140,000 Taiwanese were imprisoned, and over 4,000 were executed. Most of them were innocent young people. 


Experience Goal

My museum is going to create an immersive experience that will represent the voices of victims of state violence, tell some of their stories, and promote efforts to deliver justice to them.  



To prevent future cycles of state violations and deliver justice to the victims.

Truth-telling To document White Terror violations and provide relative physical evidence to contribute the transitional justice. 

Healing  To provide a space for victims to be recognized and for people to mourn and reflect on the history. 

Civic Engagement  By ongoing exhibition and educational programs, the museum will promote constructive public dialogue, discussion, and debate.



Visitors who didn’t live through the events and aren’t familiar with this issue, especially the younger generation. 


UX Architecture

Area 1. Outdoor water projection art & installation

Area 2. Introduction to the history

Area 3. The absent voices

Area 4. Gallery of terror memories

Area 5. Life without light

Area 6. The road to transitional justice & the space for civic engagement.

Area 7. Takeaway: The delay testaments



Floor Plan

The reference picture was from

The reference picture was from

Building plan

The museum will be built in the center of a lake to mirror that of an island. The visual style is to symbolize the isolation of the victims and the physical surrounding of Green Island and Taiwan itself. 





Area 1.  Outdoor Water Projection Art and installation

——For healing and mourning:

The water around the museum will be decorated by eletronic water lanterns. Each water lantern will have a victim’s name and the years they were alive. The building will also project the victims’ pictures on the water. 

The reference picture was   from:

The reference picture was from:


Area 2. Introduction to the history

In the area 2, the museum will show the historical background of the Taiwan White Terror.  There will be four sections which provide an introduction to the history.

1. Timeline of White Terror: To show the whole process and highlight important events of the history. 

2. The introduction of martial law and military courts: To present how political prisoners went through arrest, interrogation, torture, trial and carrying out of their sentences, release and social surveillance.

3. Data visualizations of the victims: Present victims’ background data. Including: gender, birthplace, occupation, educational degree and the reasons they were accused. 

4. Physical evidence of state violations: To point out the identities of victimizers and the process of unfair judgment by showing relative verdicts, documents and news reports. 


Area 3.  The absent voices

In area 3, the museum will display a series of interactive experiences to represent the victims’ stories. 

The approach is to invite the survivors to get involved in the discussion of what should be remembered. The museum will interview the victims and collect relative documentary and audio oral histories about the victims.

For displaying the stories, the museum will invite the victims’ families to donate a chair from their home. The empathy chairs will represent the time they were absent from their families. When the visitors sit on the chair, the victim’s stories will be triggered. 

Refernce Picture: Triennale Design Museum, Milano, 2009 Åbäke/Martino Gamper

Refernce Picture: Triennale Design Museum, Milano, 2009 Åbäke/Martino Gamper


Area 4.  Gallery of terror memories

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The reference picture was from: 


Area 4 is a gallery, displaying paintings, words of literature, music and films which directly or indirectly represent the history of the White Terror. It also aims to show how the White Terror influences Taiwanese spirit, unconsciousness and political identities. 



Area 5.  Life without light

Area 5 will rebuild the jail on Green Island and introduce the victims’ life in the jail. The visitors are able to have immersive experiences inside. They will listen to the oral histories of the victims who had lived in the jail and describe their life and feelings during the hopeless time. It will also display the history of Green Island prison via illustrative 3D models and relative documents. 


Area 6.  The road to transitional justice & the space for civic engagement

Area 6 will show the progress of White Terror transitional justice, including the compensation for the victims, the reports on the incident, and the response from other countries. The space will also open to the civilians or organizations that want to advocate for human rights issues by hosting activities for free.   


Area 7. Takeaway: The delay testaments

During the White Terror period, some victims were allowed to write testaments before they were executed. However, the KMT government didn’t release the testaments until 2012, 50 years later. Those delay testaments from the victims convey deep sorrow, regret and love to their family. Many victims’ families never had the chance to read the letters when they were still alive.

To memorialize the deep sorrow, visitors will get a blank ticket at the beginning of the exhibition. At the end, the visitors can put the tickets into the water at area 7. The testaments of the victims and their stories will be revealed on the ticket. 

The reference picture was   from:   htt-//blog .  livedoor  .  jp / myacyouen - hitorigoto /tag/%E8%B2%B4%E8%88%B9%E7%A5%9E%E7%A4%BE

The reference picture was from: